What Is Conjuntivitis and How Can It Be Treated?
Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is a common eye ailment that can affect people of all ages and can be caused by a number of different factors. It is important to know the different symptoms, causes, and treatment options so that you can be prepared if you or someone in your family develops conjunctivitis
. Conjunctivitis is a common infection or inflammation of the thin, transparent tissue that covers the white of the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelid. It can be caused by an eye infection, an allergen or irritant, or other factors
Symptoms of Conjuntivitis
The most common symptom of conjunctivitis is reddish or pink eye
. This can be accompanied by discomfort, itching, tearing, light sensitivity, and swelling or inflammation of the eyelids. It is also common for a discharge
to occur from the affected eye. In many cases, this discharge is clear and watery, but it can also be crusty or pus-like.
Causes of Conjuntivitis
Conjunctivitis is most often caused by an infection
, often as a result of a virus or bacteria. Allergies to pollen, pet dander, or other irritants
can also cause conjunctivitis. Irritating substances, such as chlorine or cigarette smoke, can also lead to conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis can also result from other eye conditions, such as blepharitis or dry eye syndrome.
Treatment of Conjuntivitis
Because conjunctivitis can be caused by so many different factors, the best way to treat it will depend on the underlying cause. If the conjunctivitis is due to an infection, prescription eye drops or ointment may be needed to help clear up the infection. Allergic conjunctivitis can be treated with antihistamines or other allergy medications. Irritant conjunctivitis will usually clear up on its own once the source of the irritation is removed. In the meantime, special eye drops or compresses can help soothe the symptoms.
There are some steps you can take to help prevent conjunctivitis
. Good hygiene is key. Wash your hands regularly, especially after touching your eyes or areas that may be infested with bacteria or viruses. Those at risk of exposure to irritants and allergens, such as pet dander and cigarette smoke, should take extra precautions to minimize exposure. Also, it is important to keep contact lenses clean and take proper care of them to help prevent conjunctivitis.
Conjuctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is a condition that can affect anyone. It is important to know the different symptoms, causes, and treatment options
so you can be prepared if you or someone in your family develops conjunctivitis. Remember to practice good hygiene, take good care of your contact lenses, and protect yourself from irritants and allergens to help prevent conjunctivitis. If you think you or someone in your family has conjunctivitis, make an appointment
with an eye care professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.